Most of what we will talk about has to do with placer deposits for mining gold, and most of the methods of gold extraction will be placer methods, however it is worth mentioning that there are other types of locations to recover gold from, but they aren’t usually places that individuals and small groups will have access to. One of those types of places are gold mines. Gold mines are nothing like the placer deposits that form at the bases of waterfalls and around river and stream bends.
Gold mines are man made caves that are dug out or dug down into the earth in an attempt to find gold veins that are hidden from view. There are large pieces of gold all throughout certain portions of land and embedded in giant rocks. So looking in streams is not always the answer. If you have the large mining equipment to bust apart the rocks and filter them down, perhaps using sluices, cradles, and trommels you will be in good shape. But this is usually limited to larger companies who have the money to lease, rent, or buy these enormous pieces of machinery needed.
The Location of Gold Mines
There are plenty of gold mines scattered throughout the world, with some of the earliest being found in the Roman Empire. In the United States you will find many in the West in California. In the East you’ll find them in Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, and more! Gold is pretty abundant but we can’t just go tearing up the environment to get ahold of it.
Hard rock mining is one of the main methods used in gold mines, which is a way of recovering gold that is encased in larger rocks, rather than in placer deposits. Gold mines and the gold trapped in other rocks actually produces most of the world’s gold. Some mines are just giant pits dug out, and others are tunnels and caves. Some of them go so deep into the earth that the temperature rises and they actually have to pump in fresh air and air conditioning to make it cool enough for people to last in enough to work! How crazy is that?
Individuals and Gold Mines
It’s not likely that any individual or small group will be allowed to enter another company’s mine, nor is it likely that they will be given permission. If you are a hobbyist, it is probably most wise to stick to placer mining. But if you are a big company and have some money to command, it’d be worth talking to gold mines owners and asking if you can get involved!